This course will introduce the learner to more advanced concepts in personal training and group fitness. In particular fitness programming adaptations will be considered for working in physical activity settings with participants in developmental stages from childhood to adulthood with an emphasis on the aging process. Consideration will also be given to awareness diagnosis and adaptations in methodology for those people who are physically challenged or have special needs. The nature of common orthopedic conditions as well as their causes processes development and consequences will be examined. Practices that contribute to injuries and strategies for injury prevention will also be reviewed.